The Sacraments make us partakers of God's own life, allowing us to become heirs to the Kingdom of God. In the Catholic Church, there are seven Sacraments (Baptism, Reconciliation, the Holy Eucharist, Confirmation, Matrimony, and Holy Orders), each of which serves a particular role in the Christian life by allowing us to participate (or participate more fully) in the life of the Trinity.
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What are the Sacraments?
The sacraments are efficacious signs of grace, instituted by Christ and entrusted to the Church, by which divine life is dispensed to us. The visible rites by which the sacraments are celebrated signify and make present the graces proper to each sacrament. They bear fruit in those who receive them with the required dispositions. --Catechism of the Catholic Church, 1131
What are the Fruits of the Sacraments?
The fruit of sacramental life is both personal and ecclesial. For every one of the faithful on the one hand, this fruit is life for God in Christ Jesus; for the Church, on the other, it is an increase in charity and in her mission of witness. --Catechism of the Catholic Church, 1134